What to do Now

January Gardening Tips

Winter is a difficult time for houseplants. The reduced light and humidity can take their toll this time of year. Locate your plants where they will receive the most light and mist them daily or place them on humidity trays. Your plants will also need less water and do not fertilize at this time of year unless you are using grow lights. Inspect plants for insects each time you water. Insect pests can rapidly increase in number inside the home. Use Espoma Earth-tone insect control if insects or mites are present.

Water cyclamen by placing the pot in a dish of water for 30 minutes – this prevents rotting of the tubers. Keep in a bright cool area.

Lawn care:
The heavy frost you see in the morning can be beautiful, but try not to walk on the lawn when it's covered with this frost. The crunching noise you hear is from the ice crystals breaking, but the blades of grass also "break" and the tips will turn brown. Although this damage is not permanent it will be noticeable until the grass begins to green up in spring. So minimize the traffic on the lawn on frosty mornings to keep it looking green in the winter.

Trees and Shrubs:
Thin-barked trees can suffer from sun damage during the winter. Sun shining on the south or southwest side of tree trunks can warm the tissues and stimulate vascular activity. Rapidly falling temperatures at night can then cause tissue injury. Wrapping the trunk with a white plastic trunk guard can prevent this injury. Young trees like upright Japanese Maples, Redbud and fruit trees are most susceptible.

Continue to apply deer repellants to evergreens.

Apply Wilt-proof to broadleaved evergreens – do not apply to boxwood or needled evergreens.

Store pesticides in an area where they will not be subjected to freezing and thawing this winter. Oil based pesticides can separate and the properties can change and become less stable.